Our comprehensive eye examination begins with the optometrist asking you about any concerns you may have about your eyes, about your family eye health and your general health. They will then measure your level of vision and carry out tests to ensure that the nerves supplying your eye muscles and pupils work properly.
An instrument called a slit lamp biomicroscope is used to examine the health of the inside and outside of your eyes. If appropriate the optometrist will also measure your eye pressure and check your peripheral vision.
At the end of your appointment, the optometrist will explain their findings and any recommendations.
A cataract is when the lens inside your eye becomes cloudy. This generally occurs with increasing age and causes your vision to become blurred, a bit like looking through a dirty window. You may also notice a “starring” effect when looking at a bright light e.g. car headlights, and that colours seem washed-out.
The optometrist will use the slit lamp biomicroscope to examine the lens of your eye. In the early stages, you may only need your spectacle strength altered to improve your vision. Once the cataract starts to interfere with your vision, you may be referred to an eye specialist to have an operation to remove the cataract.
The retina is the inside lining at the back of your eye. Everything we look at is focused onto the retina, which passes the information onto the brain for processing. The optometrist will examine your retina using the slit lamp and a very powerful lens.
The retina has many small blood vessels, which can show changes in high blood pressure and diabetes. The optometrist will also be able to see the optic nerve where it joins the eye to check for conditions like glaucoma. Sometimes eye drops are used to enlarge your pupil in order to examine the retina more thoroughly.